This volume contains extended abstracts outlining selected presentations given by participants of the joint international multidisciplinary workshop MURPHYS-HSFS-2016 (MUltiRate Processes and HYSteresis; Hysteresis and Slow-Fast Systems), which was dedicated to the mathematical theory and applications of multiple scale systems and systems with hysteresis, and held at the Centre de Recerca Matematica (CRM) in Barcelona from June 13th to 17th, 2016. The collection includes brief research articles on new results, preliminary work, open problems, and the outcomes of group work initiated during the workshop. The book addresses multiple scale phenomena, singular perturbations, phase transitions, and hysteresis phenomena occurring in mathematical, physical, economic, engineering and information systems. Its scope includes both new results in the theory of hysteresis, singularly perturbed systems and dynamical systems in general; and applications to the physical, chemical, biological, microbiological, economic, and engineering sciences, such as: elasto-plasticity and mechanical structures, damage processes, magnetic materials, photonics and optoelectronics, energy storage systems, hydrology, biology, semiconductor lasers, and shock phenomena in economic modeling. Given its breadth of coverage, the book offers a valuable resource for established researchers, as well as for PhD and postdoctoral students who want to learn more about the latest advances in these highly active research areas.