This series is an extensive collection of significant documents covering all major and minor issues and events regarding terrorism. Government reports, executive orders, speeches, court proceedings, and position papers are presented in full text reprint. The entire set records and explains terrorism as it has evolved over 25 years. It examines the efforts of Western societies to safely combat conventional and unconventional terrorist attacks around the world, including those in: Israel, Northern Ireland, Lebanon, Central and South America, Western Europe, The United Kingdom, and The United States. It illustrates the evolution of international law regarding: The definition of terrorism The prosecution and sentencing of terrorists Extradition of international criminals Enforcement of the death penalty Definitions of cruel and unusual punishment Cyberterrorism Weapons of mass destruction Biological and chemical agents Asylum for politically-motivated terrorists Terrorist use of the media Included are detailed reports from several organizations on terrorist groups, their activities, weapons acquisition, technical capabilities, state sponsorship, political ideology and targets. The set also offers investigative reports of major terrorist related incidents. The examination of terrorist incidents in this service establishes the necessity for package inspections, explosive detection, anti-terrorism personnel, and related programs. It also examines expansion of these measures and policies from air transport facilities to other transportation centers - such as train stations, bus terminals, toll plazas, border crossings, and mail service facilities. Documents are provided to illustrate ongoing attempts to control and prevent terror-violence from the U.S., U.N., U.K., France, the European Council, Interpol, and other active groups. The set is thorough regarding the development of strategies for handling kidnappings, hostage situations, bombings, assassinations, and unconventional attacks. Includes significant documents in full-text reprint: Government reports Executive orders Legislative bills Speeches Court proceedings, testimony and statements Position papers Key topics addressed include: Border security Transportation security--aviation, maritime, and surface transit Critical infrastructure vulnerabilities Immigration issues Intelligence-gathering issues Constitutional rights Prosecution and sentencing of terrorists Cruel and unusual punishment Human rights practices Nuclear weapons Cyberterrorism Bioterrorism and chemical plant security Weapons of mass destruction Domestic counter-terrorism response capabilities Antiterrorism Critical infrastructure vulnerabilities Contents Overview: Volumes 1-13 Contain commentary and primary source documents that establish an historical context for developments in terrorism. Commentary presents an historical overview of 19th and 20th century terrorism, post WWII developments, and comments on the future of terrorism. Documents include U.N. resolutions, declarations, conventions and reports, League of National Council debates, International Tribunal Documents, and U.S. judicial and legislative actions. Volume 14 Concentrates on terrorism documents in the U.S. Includes detailed information from the Congressional Research Service and a document which assesses the Writ of Habeas Corpus under newly passed legislation. Volume 15 Takes an in-depth look at the terrorist attacks in Dar es Salaam and Nairobi. Includes significant Statements from President Clinton, The U.S./E.U. Statement of Shared Objective and Close Cooperation on Terrorism, analysis of the Paris Terrorism ministerial, and more. Volume 16 A compilation of materials from the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Congressional Research Service, plus the indictment of Osama Bin Laden. Volume 17 Expands the information in Volumes 15 and16 and records information on biological and chemical weapons preparedness and intelligence gathering by the Executive and Legislative braches of the U.S. government. Volume 18 Examines the overall emergency preparedness of the U.S. and assesses the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Includes information on the electronic "Melissa" virus and a variety of documents on national terrorism prevention events. Volume 19 Includes the U.S.Department of State's report on Political Violence Against Americans and the GAO reports on Combating Terrorism, Information Security, and Chemical and Biological Defense. Volume 20 A concentration on the complete FBI report on Project MEGIDDO as well as the CRS report on Afghanistan. Volume 21 Includes the June 2000 report of the National Commission on Terrorism regarding the current state of international terror and its implications for the future. Features information from the FAA, congressional testimony by FBI personnel, reports on cyberterrorism, and the FALN clemency Volume 22 Contains several GAO reports on combating terrorism with risk assessment, technology and strategy. Testimony included covers issues such as managing counterterrorist programs, U.S. counterterrorism efforts, Internet and data interception capabilities developed by the FBI, and the threat assessment of terrorism in a changing global environment. Volume 23 Describes how U.S. Department of Justice has focused its attention on improving security at home and the implementation of measures at American missions abroad. Incorporates the Department of Defense's Crouch-Gehman Report on the Cole attack, the CIA study on Global Trends and the Gilmore Report assessing domestic response capabilities involving weapons of mass destruction. Volume 24 Incorporates governmental and nongovernmental views and documents on the forgoing cases as well as on unconventional threats of superterrorism (biological, chemical, and nuclear) and emerging cyber challenges. Includes documents of individual testimonies on the case of the USS Cole. Volume 25 Focuses on domestic and international terrorist threats. Includes proposals and recommendations on how to respond to the challenges both on the conventional and unconventional levels. Contains the perspectives of the Executive Branch and judicial documents of the U.S. v. Osama bin Laden et al., in the U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York, and the jury decisions rendered in this historic case. Volume 26 Underscores the vulnerability of the U.S. both to conventional and unconventional threats. Focuses on these and similar threats and also presents a wide range of governmental, intergovernmental, and nongovernmental responses to these challenges. Considers the proposal to create a President's council on domestic terrorism preparedness and a future outlook of the 27 challenges to U.S. homeland concerns. Volume 27 Covers issues related to the terrorism threat both on conventional and unconventional levels - as well as on national regional, and global responses. Presents civil law suits against Iran, a state sponsor of terrorism, brought by several victims' families before the U.S. federal district courts. Volume 28 Includes materials prepared by the executive branch, legislative branch, Congressional testimony and the judicial branch. Volume 29 Addresses elements of the diverse, speedy, broad and bipartisan responses engendered by the September 11th attack. Describes some of the basic responses taken by U.S. Volume 30 Focuses on the views of U.S. as reflected in the documentation available from the executive legislative branches. Contains both the reports and testimony from several legislative hearings. The testimony segment covers a wide range of topics. Includes material reflecting the nature of the terrorist challenge to civilization and the responses available to reduce the risks both in all levels. Volume 31 A concentration on the work undertaken by the U.S. legislative branch. Describes some of the current and potential challenges to the U.S. and what the government believes must be done. Includes testimony about terrorism and government information, administrative oversights and the courts, immigration, and more. Issues covered include constitutional freedoms; germs and toxic threats; sharing information with local enforcement and homeland defense; biometric identifiers; and preserving freedoms while defending against terrorism. Volume 32 Includes a report to Congress by the director of the Central Intelligence Agency on The Acquisition of Technology Relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction and Advanced Munitions; Department of State s Comprehensive List of Terrorists and Groups Identified Under Executive Order 13224; and a report by the U.S. Senate Committee in the Foreign Relations on Strategies for Homeland Defense. Volume 33 Features reports and statements presented before hearings held at the U.S. Congress on terrorism-related issues confronting America in the coming months and years. Report topics cover a wide range of matters - such as the role of intelligence and law enforcement, risk insurance, critical infrastructure, Middle East groups, and state sponsors. Volume 34 Includes both executive and legislative documents focusing mostly on Homeland Security concerns. Other related issues dealing with international implications are also incorporated. For instance, the FBI provides details on the reorganization of the Bureau while the Department of State report, "Pattern of Global Terrorism: May 2001," covers annual events overseas. Volume 35 Following the focus on the challenge of conventional and unconventional terrorism at home and abroad, this volume deals with both the U.S. executive and legislative perspectives. Issues covered include the establishment of the Department of Homeland Security; applying the War Powers Resolution to the war on terrorism; information sharing between intelligence agencies; proposals for reorganizing the homeland security infrastructure; immigration reform; protection against weapons of mass destruction; and future terrorism and U.S. foreign policy. Volume 36 Features documents from the executive and legislative branches including executive orders, statements before the House Committees on Government Reform and Financial Services, reports on information sharing, Homeland Security, and security at domestic seaports. Volume 37 Presidential determinations, statements before the House Committee on Government Reform, and legislative bills are included. Full reprints of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002 and an amendment to the Merchant Marine Act of 1936 to insure greater security for United States seaports are contained. Volume 38 Concise, relevant commentary introducing documents that capture the past, present, and future of terrorism. Documents analyze the economic impact of 9/11, chronicle the government's National Strategy for Homeland Security, cover trials of alleged terrorists, and demonstrate the debate for and against new anti-terrorism laws that threaten to limit civil liberties. Volume 39 Contains the Al Qaeda Training Manual, Patterns of Global Terrorism - 2002, the National Money Laundering Strategy, a GAO document recommending an approach to protecting federal information systems and a report on aviation security. Brief commentary explains the significance of each document. Volume 40 Focuses on homeland security. Includes a GAO report on the response of charities to 9/11, a study of border security, an examination of Federal building security, extensive documents covering infrastructure vulnerabilities, and a discussion about detecting weapons of mass destruction. Volume 41 Provides a perspective on the past, present, and future of counterterrorism efforts. Beginning with the hearings before the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence's inquiry into the September 11 attacks, documents examine the performance of intelligence and law enforcement prior to the event, and how they must evolve. International efforts to combat terrorism are included, and the role of the U.S. military is covered. Volume 42 Contains documents on bioterrorism, including the anthrax incident of 2001; cyberterrorism, including documents on information security and infrastructure protection; plus, intelligence issues--specifically congressional, police and post-9/11 FBI intelligence. Volume 43 Covers foreign terrorist organizations, terrorism financing, nuclear weapons and chemical plant security, and the USA PATRIOT Act. Documents relevant to the FTO List, recent developments in Iran's nuclear program and challenges in securing chemical facilities inland are included. Volume 44 Focuses on transportation security, providing relevant documents on Coast Guard and marine transportation, plus maritime and aviation security. Delves into details such as passenger screening at airports. Covers customs/border security with documents on actions taken to enhance railroad passenger and freight rail security. Volume 45 Contains documents on the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002, bioterrorism prevention, homeland security and information technology. Volume 46 Covers aviation security, Iraq-U.S. policy and nuclear security. Documents on terrorism profiles, and money laundering and terrorism financing are also included. Volume 47 Covers aviation security for commercial airports, maritime and port security, nuclear security, and cybersecurity. Volume 48 Focuses on immigration issues including border security by visa revocation, monitoring foreign and exchange students, and terrorist identification, screening, and tracking. Includes the Department of State's report on "Patterns of Global Terrorism." Volume 49 Includes coverage of arms proliferation, national security, and terrorism/strategic planning. Volume 50 Focuses on topics relating to 9/11 health effects, border security, critical infrastructure protection, international counterterrorism, cooperation, maritime security, and nuclear terrorism. Index to Volumes 1-50 A two-volume comprehensive index to the more than 25,000 pages of documents in Volumes 1-50 of the set by means of subject, document title, year, and name of persons involved. Each entry references the volume, document number, and page number. Index to Volumes 51 onward This loose-leaf index forms part of the bound volume subscription series Terrorism: Documents of International and Local Control: First Series. The index provides a navigation tool for subscribers to research and locate materials from volumes 51 onward within a matter of minutes. It is conveniently searchable in a number of ways including: title, subject, year and name. It supplements the 2-volume bound index to Volumes 1-50 of the set, and is updated as necessary as additional volumes are added to the set. Volume 51 Focuses on post-war Afghanistan. Covers U.S. policy, post-war governance, security and stability, human rights practices, and the reconstruction of the country amidst ongoing U.S. terrorism efforts in the region. Volume 52 Includes national security documents on intelligence and immigration. Current and projected national security threats to the U.S are examined, with national standards for drivers' licenses, social security cards, and birth certificates given special attention. The progress of the U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology Program is assessed, along with other border security and immigration debates. Volume 53 Covers the U.S. military operations in the War on Terrorism in Afghanistan, Africa, the Philippines, and Colombia. Specific focus is given to Africa and the Middle East--especially to Sudan, Algeria, Iran, Iraq and Lebanon. Volume 54 Features regional reports and documents on terrorism in East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, Europe, and Latin America. Volume 55 Takes a comprehensive look at Homeland Security. Covers the mission of the Post-9/11 Coast Guard, Federal Homeland Security Assistance Programs, National Emergencies Act Declarations, issues and trends in terrorism and national security, regional coordination and emergency preparedness, and key recommendations of the GAO to DHS. Volume 56 A concise look at biological terrorism and transportation security. Volume 57 Provides documents on aviation security and information sharing. Volume 58 Takes an in-depth look at border security--including threats, national security, and methods to improve border security. Volume 59 Includes documents on international terrorism and documents on threat assessment. Volume 60 A concentration of documents on nuclear terrorism and terrorist financing. Volume 61 Provides documents on policy issues, surface transit protection and terrorist organizations. Volume 62 Includes documents on Afghanistan, Asia, South Asia, Iraq, Latin America, the Middle East and Africa. Volume 63 Addresses implementation and reauthorization of the U.S.A. Patriot Act. Documents from congressional hearings include opening statements, testimony, and reports. Volume 64 In-depth coverage of immigration and chemical security. Volume 65 Expands the issues of threat assessment, domestic preparedness and policy issues, witha a congressional report on the November 2001 Council of Europe's Convention on Cybercrime. Volume 66 Incorporates coverage of border security and Iran. Topics covered include visa malfeasance risks, countering a "Nuclear Iran," Iran's influence in Iraq, and WMD and nuclear and biological threats. Volume 67 Follows developments in mariticme and port security. Issues such as Coast Guard Programs, national and international maritime security strategies and emerging threats, and implementation of The Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002. Volume 68 Emergency preparedness, intelligence strategies and issues, the military's role in terrorism suppression and terrorist incidents are examined in detail here. Volume 69 Addresses concerns related to nuclear warfare, including radiation detection equipment and nuclear and radiological threat reduction. With documents from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Nuclear Regulatory commission (NRC). Volume 70 A concentration of documents on current issues in Africa, Chechnya, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and the U.S. Department of State, with multiple documents on Iran and the Palestinian Authority. Volume 71 Comprehensive overview of Immigration and Maritime Security, and coverage of border security. Topics covered are immigration-related border security legislation, Homeland Security business practices, registered traveler programs, port security and foreign operations of U.S. port facilities (such as the 2006 Dubai Ports World operations deal) and security of terminal operations. Volume 72 Describes the arguments, both pro and con, surrounding the surveillance program. The documents incorporate select materials which address, in detail, the push and pull of secuirty and basic freedoms precipitated by the War on Terror. But arguments are only part of the broader picture. This and Volume 73 round out the picture by providing an insight into the judicial vehicles being used to counter the surveillance program, as well as the legislative justifications and criticisms of the activity. With the materials contained here, the reader can more easily comprehend the rationales proffered to support or contest the program, and more readily understand the reality of the political processes which propel the executive, judicial and legislative branches in the United States. Volume 73 Rounds out the picture concerning the Surveillance Program in the War on Terror. The documents incorporate select materials which address, in detail, the push and pull of security and basic freedoms precipitated by the War on Terror. They provide an insight into the judicial vehicles being used to counter the surveillance program, as well as the legislative justifications and criticisms of the activity. With the materials contained here, the reader can more easily comprehend the rationales proffered to support or contest the program, and more readily understand the reality of the political processes which propel the executive, judicial and legislative branches in the United States. Volume 74 Covers counterterrorism in the international sphere, examining policies in Europe and the strategies necessary to train anti-insurgency forces; the financing of terrorist activities, money laundering and the necessity of training of bank and other financial personnel to recognize it when it occurs; and terrorism policy as reflected in the national security trends and policies of the United States. Volume 75 Covers the latest analysis on the security measures and policies of the aviation sector; vulnerabilities and the security of our borders against international terrorism; the implementation and impact of the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative; and the challenges involved in preparing the United States for terrorist and biological attacks and the necessary funding to do so. Volume 76 This volume exhaustively explores the habeas corpus crisis triggered by U.S. detention of suspected terrorists in Guantanamo Bay. Volume 77 This volume addresses three major issues of Terrorism law facing the U.S. in late 2006. The first topic is Congress's assessment of where the country's security stands on the fifth anniversary of the Sept. 11th attacks. The second section of the volume offers discussion (both in CRS Reports and in Congressional testimony) related to the weaknesses in the U.S. intelligence community. The volume concludes with an analysis of recent legislative approaches to defending the U.S. from terrorist threats. Volume 78 This volume provides a timely review of terrorist developments in several troubled regions of the world. The CRS reports and Congressional testimony appearing here present updates on Afghanistan, Central Asia, China, Iran, Latin America, and perhaps the most incendiary region in the summer of 2006: Lebanon. Volume 79 This volume presents scholarly discussion on the intersection of science and terror. Specifically, Volume 79 includes testimony and CRS and GAO reports on agroterrorism, bioterrorism, chemical security, energy security, and nuclear security. Volume 80 This volume maintains the series' focus on U.S. congressional testimony and think-tank articles, but the volume also embarks on a new course: primary source documents from the UN and NATO on international measures in combatting terrorism. Volume 81 This volume updates readers on three issues at the forefront of U.S policymaking: restrictions on civil liberties in the war on terror, the threats of biological and nuclear terrorism, and budgetary considerations in the counter-terrorism effort. Volume 82 Concentrates on domestic security, focuing specifically on infrastructure security, maritime security, and the homeland's lavel of preparedness for various threats. Authoritative information on these topics changes often, and this volume will elucidate for readers the many changes that have occurred so far this year. Both the Congressional testimony and the agency reports provided in this volume serve that purpose. Volume 83 Addresses transportation security. While such a volume will obviously include much discussion of aviation issues, part of this release also addresses public transit and rail security, including a House of Representatives report on the Rail and Public Transportation Act of 2007. Within the large aviation section, though, the highlights include a GAO review of changes to the "prohibited items" list and a Senate hearing on the 9/11 Commissions' recommendations. Government practitioners and university scholars will need to know these new developments in federal policy in order to ensure that their research is current. Volume 84: This volume's coverage focuses on Iraq, and especially the public debate over where to turn next in the war. The highlights of this volume are General Petraeus's report to Congress and the text of President Bush's televised national address on what he sees as U.S. progress in Iraq. Other key documents in this edition are the more nuanced studies from the Government Accountability Office and the Independent Commission for Iraq. Along with the text of proposed legislation and other authoritative assessments on the war's progress, these documents provide both knowledgeable researchers and curious lay readers with the analysis necessary to understand a complex, ongoing controversy. Volume 85: This volume's coverage focuses on the U.S. government's surveillance, interrogation, and detention of suspected terrorists. Highlights of this volume involve the U.S. government's increasingly common practice of seeking intelligence through torture (or the threat thereof): Maher Arar is a Canadian engineer arrested by U.S. officials as he passed through a New York airport en route from Europe to Montreal. Those officials arranged for Arar to be placed ultimately in the hands of Syrian officials who tortured him despite the complete lack of evidence against him. Vol. 85 includes Arar's own account of his travels, as presented to Congress in October 2007. This volume also includes the two Higazy case opinions which center on an Egyptian student at a U.S. college who wrongfully detained by U.S. officials in the wake of the 9/11 attacks. Vol. 85 features both opinions for comparison purposes. Although several blogs have also posted the original opinion, Vol. 85 provides what may be the only print version available to the general public. Volume 88: Constitutes the Terrorism Series' first expansion into non-U.S. legal regimes, and this intital volume deals solely with the UK's approach to security law. Ever since the London bombings of July 7th, 2005, the UK has been faced with the challenge of improving the nation's security while maintaining its proud tradition of civil liberties. Volume 89: Introduces the Terrorism Series researchers to the realm of European Union security law. With an ever-expanding immigrant population and a rising Islamic presence within Europe, the EU's quickly developing security law demands the kind of topically organized document collection that Volume 89 constitutes. Volume 90 provides readers with a detailed and insightful exposition of the law of presidential war powers. The recent expansion of those powers by the Bush Administration has created uncertainty as to where the legal limits for Executive Branch military and surveillance activity currently lie. In this volume, Professor Doug Lovelace identifies those limits through both his presentation of relevant documents and his expert commentary of the meaning behind those documents. Volume 91 addresses the currently controversial topic of federal government intelligence-gathering that the U.S. conducts as part of its war on terror. Since Congressional hearings on this topic are normally closed to the public, many researchers possess only a limited knowledge of U.S. intelligence laws and practices. Professor Doug Lovelace here uses his own military expertise to provide researchers with commentary and documents that clarify the present state of U.S. intelligence law.