River Jude Phoenix (August 23, 1970 ? October 31, 1993) was an American film actor, musician, and teen icon. He was the oldest brother of fellow actors Rain, Joaquin, Liberty, and Summer Phoenix. Phoenix began acting at age 10 in television commercials. He appeared in diverse roles, making his first notable appearance in the 1986 film Stand by Me, a well-received coming-of-age film based on a novella by Stephen King. Phoenix made a transition into more adult-oriented roles with Running on Empty (1988), playing the son of fugitive parents in a well-received performance that earned him an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor nomination, and My Own Private Idaho (1991), playing a gay hustler in search of his estranged mother. For his performance in the latter, Phoenix garnered enormous praise and won a Volpi Cup at the Venice Film Festival, along with Best Actor from the National Society of Film Critics. He was listed by John Willis as one of twelve promising new actors of 1986. On October 31, 1993, Phoenix collapsed and died of drug-induced heart failure on the sidewalk outside the West Hollywood nightclub The Viper Room. This book is your ultimate resource for River Phoenix. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more. In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about his Early life, Career and Personal life right away. A quick look inside: River Phoenix, Explorers (film), Stand by Me (film), The Mosquito Coast, A Night in the Life of Jimmy Reardon, Little Nikita, Running on Empty (1988 film), Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, I Love You to Death, My Own Private Idaho, Dogfight (film), Silent Tongue, Sneakers (film), The Thing Called Love, Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (film), Seven Brides for Seven Brothers (TV series), Backwards: The Riddle of Dyslexia, Robert Kennedy & His Times, Surviving: A Family in Crisis, Family Ties, Circle of Violence: A Family Drama.